GLOSSARY OF TERMS
A bowl that has come to rest beyond the jack or the main body of bowls in the head.
When, for the right-handed player, the bowl is delivered so that the curve of the bowl is from left to right as it moves towards its objective.
Block or stopper
A bowl delivered with the correct pace to stop short of the objective, in the hope that it will prevent an opponent being able to play a certain shot.
Usually a set of four identical bowls, manufactured under strictly controlled specifications. It is essential that bowlers choose a set which they can use with the greatest ease and comfort.
Cover that bowl
An instruction to a bowler to bowl in such a way that the bowl finishes between the jack and the bowl indicated.
Either a bowl which comes to rest in the ditch or is knocked into the ditch and is not a toucher, or a bowl that comes to rest outside the confines of the rink, either in its course or by being knocked there.
An end which is considered not to have been played and so no score is recorded. It can happen as a result of the jack being driven out of the confines of the playing area.
The depression that surrounds the green. Its edge marks the boundary of the playing surface. Measurements of the ditch need to conform to the laws of the game.
Do not be short
A plea to a bowler to use sufficient pace or weight, and with the correct green or land, to arrive exactly at its objective.
The sequence of play, beginning with the placing of the mat and ending with the coming to rest of the last player’s bowl, after all have delivered their bowls in the same direction.
Usually a dry and closely cut surface which offers little resistance to the progress of the bowl.
This should be the natural movement forward of the delivery arm following the line or path of the bowl.
When the rear foot is not completely on or above the mat at the moment of delivery. The player could incur a penalty.
When, for the right-handed player, the bowl is delivered so that the curve of the bowl is from right to left as it travels towards its objective.
The jack and as many bowls as have been played at any stage of any end. Bowls in the head may be on the rink or in the ditch.
Jack or kitty
The round white ball towards which play is directed. The size of the jack must conform to the rules.
A bowl which, when it comes to rest, is at the same distance from the mat as is the jack.
The player who lays the mat, rolls the jack, and delivers the first bowl in an end. He may sometimes toss the coin at the beginning of the game to determine which team has the right to start play.
Any bowl that comes to rest within the confines of the rink and is acceptable under the conditions laid down by the laws of the game, or any toucher in the ditch.
A jack that is the greatest distance allowed from the front edge of the mat, or is close to this limit.
A person who undertakes to see that a game of singles is played according to the rules. He marks all touchers, centres the jack, measures, and keeps the score. During the playing of an end, it could be wiser for the marker not to talk to the players unless asked a direct question.
Where a player has not allowed enough green or land. But this shot can sometimes be played intentionally.
Open it up
An instruction for a bowl to be delivered with enough pace to clear any obstruction in the way of bowls that are between the player and the jack.
Two players against two, each using four bowls for a period of twenty-one ends. Their position in order of play: lead and then skip.
This may be awarded by the umpire when, for example, a player has been foot faulted in delivering his bowl. The umpire could also declare the bowl to be dead.
When a player bowls his bowl to strike other bowls which could be in line, in order to gain his objective.
Promote this bowl
An instruction to a bowler to play his bowl onto a bowl belonging to his side, so that the bowl that was stationary is persued closer to the objective.
Push and rest
The bowling of a bowl with sufficient pace or weight that it pushes a bowl from its position, so that the position is taken by the last bowl delivered.
Rink of players or fours
A group of four players against four, each bowling two bowls for a period of twenty-one ends. Their positions in order of play: lead, second, third and skip.
A bowl that, during its running course, comes into light contact with another, which can affect the line of direction.
The person, in a match between teams or sides, who is responsible for keeping the current scores on the master score-board.
Second or number two
The player who plays after the lead in a game of fours or triples. He marks the score-card and keeps the score-board up to date.
A jack that is at the shortest distance allowed from the front edge of the mat, or close to this limit.
Shoulder of the green
That point on the green where the bowl begins to curve inwards towards its objective.
The captain of a game of fours, triples or pairs. He is last to bowl and is responsible for dictating the tactics of the game.
Split these bowls
An instruction to the bowler to bowl a bowl of sufficient pace that it forces apart other bowls, and has enough momentum to carry on beyond that point.
Taking green or land
On forehand or backhand, the bowler bowls to the shoulder so that his bowl will curve and come to rest as near as possible to the point he desires.
A position in a game of fours. He will deputize for his skip in certain circumstances, and could be responsible for measuring.
When the nearest bowls of both sides are exactly the same distance from the jack at the completion of the end (e.g. when both have a bowl actually touching the jack). Neither side scores but it is a completed end and is entered on the scorecard.
Toucher in the ditch
A toucher (see below) which has fallen into the ditch. This is a ‘live’ bowl, unless it has come to rest outside the confines of the rink.
Toucher on the green
A bowl which, during its course, has touched the jack, or a bowl which has come to rest and falls over to touch the jack before the next bowl is delivered, or a bowl that is the last to be delivered and falls and touches the jack within the period of half a minute. All the above will be marked with a chalk mark.
Three players against three, each using three bowls for a playing period of 18 ends. Their positions in order of play: lead, second and skip.
Using the mat
The movement of the mat (within the limits of the rules) for the purposes of lengthening or shortening the length of the jack.
A bowl that is travelling at a certain pace which comes into an angled contact with another bowl, thus causing the course of the moving bowl to be definitely altered.
An attempted shot, frustrated by contact with another bowl which lay between the mat and the jack.